立秋歷史文化及養生之道

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註冊時間: 2018-11-13, 12:00

2019-08-08, 09:20

【立秋節氣由來】
 
《月令七十二候集解》日:“秋,揪也,物於此而揪斂也”。
 
到了立秋,梧桐樹必定開始落葉,因此才有“一葉知秋”、“落葉知秋”等相關的成語。又如:宋·唐庚《文錄》引唐人詩:“山僧不解數甲子,一葉落知天下秋。”
 
詩《立秋》:“一葉梧桐一報秋,稻花田裡話豐收。雖非盛夏還伏虎,更有寒蟬唱不休。”
 
每當夏去秋來,人們往往看見它較早地葉黃葉落,故為報秋。
 
據記載,宋時立秋這天宮內要把栽在盆裡的梧桐移入殿內,等到“立秋”時辰一到,太史官便高聲奏道:“秋來了。”奏畢,等待梧桐應聲落下葉子,以寓報秋之意。
 
 
【立秋】歷代風俗文化
 
立秋節,也稱七月節。自周朝開始便有記載立秋的習俗史。
 
周代立秋當日天子親率三公六卿諸侯大夫,到西郊迎秋,並舉行祭祀少嗥、蓐收的儀式(見《禮祀·月令》),漢代仍承此俗。
 
《漢書·韋玄成傳》注中說:“立秋驅婁又嘗粢(穀類總稱)”,嘗粢便是“嘗新”。
《後漢書·祭祀志》:“立秋之日,迎秋於西郊,祭白帝蓐收,車旗服飾皆白,歌《西皓》、八佾舞《育命》之舞。並有天子入圃射牲,以薦宗廟之禮,名日軀劉。殺獸以祭,表示秋來揚武之意。”
 
到了唐代,每逢立秋日,也祭祀五帝。《新唐書·禮樂志》:“立秋立冬祀五帝於四郊。”
 
宋代,立秋之日,男女都戴楸葉,以應時序。有以石楠紅葉剪刻花瓣簪插鬢邊的風俗,也有以秋水吞食小赤豆七粒的風俗(見《臨安歲時記》),明承宋俗。
 
 西漢京房所撰的《京房易》記載:“立秋坤王,涼風用事,坤土也”,
清代李光地的《月令占候圖》也說:“立秋,坤卦用事”,從歷史回顧可得知玄學卜卦與節氣有着密不可分的關聯。

 
【立秋養生之道】

1、起居調養:《黃帝內經》中記載:秋三月“早臥早起、與雞俱興”也就是秋天起居要有規律,要早睡早起,保證充足睡眠,順應天地的氣機,早睡以順應陰精的收藏,早起以舒達陽氣,以清肺氣、收斂生機,藏精補精,是最好的養肺方法,同時還能預防血栓的形成。


2、飲食調養:黃帝內經《素問·髒氣法時論》說:“肺主秋、肺主收斂,急食酸以收之,用酸補之,辛瀉之”。可見酸味收斂肺氣,辛味發散瀉肺,秋天宜收不宜散,所以要儘量少吃蔥、姜等辛味之品,適當多食酸味果蔬。秋時肺金當令,肺金太旺則克肝木,故《金匱要略》又有“秋不食肺”之說。秋季燥氣當令,易傷津液,故飲食應以滋陰潤肺為宜。《飲膳正要》說:“秋氣燥,宜食麻以潤其燥,禁寒飲”。更有主張入秋宜食生地粥,以滋陰潤燥者。

3、精神調養:要做到內心寧靜,神志安寧,心情舒暢;切忌悲憂傷感,即使遇到傷感的事,也應主動予以排解,以避肅殺之氣,同時還應收斂神氣,以適應秋天容平之氣。
 
 立秋節氣還代表收穫的標誌,民間諺語有說“立秋十天遍地黃”,寓意一個金色的秋天就要到來,唐代詩人李紳在《憫農二首》日:“春種一粒粟,秋收萬顆子”。願每個人曾播種的希望,都將一點一點看到回報,願每個人都有所收穫,且繼續前行。
 
 
 
 
 
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!!!!!Aashshmt

2020-05-01, 03:05

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Emmalak

2020-05-01, 11:07

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